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英语新闻在线阅读学习British deputy prime minister announces reform on House of Lords

发布时间:2010-06-09 22:32:10 来源:英语帮 作者: 浏览:  评论:0

英语新闻在线阅读学习British deputy prime minister announces reform on House of LordsWxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

LONDON, June 8 (Xinhua) -- Britain's deputy prime minister Nick Clegg said on Tuesday that the work will begin next week on drawing up legislation to reform the unelected House of Lords into an elected second chamber.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

A committee from the two governing parties -- Clegg's Liberal Democrats and prime minister David Cameron's Conservatives -- and the main opposition Labor party will start examining the reform next week.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

It is expected that the committee will produce a draft bill by the end of the year.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

The House of Lords is the second chamber in the British parliament, and has fewer powers than the House of Commons follow a power struggle between the two chambers 100 years ago.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Until Tony Blair became prime minister in 1997 it was a wholly unelected house, with most members being hereditary with some appointed by governments, opposition parties and the Queen.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Blair partially reformed the chamber by removing most of the hereditary peers and introducing more appointed peers.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Clegg told members of the House of Commons (MPs), in his first government speech in the House of Commons, "I will not hide my impatience for reforms that are more than a hundred years overdue. People have been talking about Lords reform for over a century. The time for talk is over."WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Clegg also fleshed out plans to redraw the constituency boundaries (the geographical areas which elect MPs) so that all contain about the same number of voters. The aim was to create a fairer system and to make a small reduction in the number of MPs, currently 650.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载
Clegg said that there would be some leeway around the number of voters in a constituency to take into account regional geography.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

He committed the government to a referendum on extra powers for the Welsh Assembly, which is a separate 'parliament' sitting in Wales which handles Welsh affairs, and to introduce a plan to force the registration of all voters.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

It is thought there are about 3.5 million eligible voters who are not registered to vote.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Clegg also backtracked on a previously announced coalition government plan to make parliaments five years long. He also backtracked on plans to make a 55 percent majority necessary to defeat the government in no confidence votes in the House of Commons.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

A plan from the Conservative wing of the coalition to force prime minister's to call a general election within six months if they came to office without first winning an election, as Cameron' s predecessor Gordon Brown had done when he took over from Blair in 2007, was dropped.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Clegg has been charged with constitutional and electoral reform in the new coalition government, and one of the key policies which attracted his party to the coalition was an agreement to hold a referendum on voting reform.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Clegg's Liberal Democrats have always suffered from the British electoral system of first past the post, which rewards all the electoral representation in a constituency to the winner, with no rewards for coming second. It is possible to win a constituency with as little as 28 percent of the vote.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

So, many voters find their votes count for nothing. The coalition government agreed to hold a referendum on a system called Alternative Vote (AV), which would allow voters to have a first preference vote and a second preference vote too.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

The lowest-polling candidate in an election would be eliminated and those votes would be redistributed to second preferences. This would continue until one of the candidates got a majority of the vote.WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

MPs had expected to learn when the date of the referendum would be, but Clegg was unable to tell them. WxM英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载


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