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2009年12月英语四级全国考试新东方大学英语四级考试全国统一模拟冲刺试卷

发布时间:2009-12-03 13:23:54 来源:英语帮 作者: 浏览:  评论:1

2009年12月英语四级全国考试新东方大学英语四级考试全国统一模拟冲刺试卷tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

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? Band Four ?tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

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一、 将自己的校名、姓名、准考证号写在答题卡1 和答题卡2 上。将本试卷代号划在答题卡2 上。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

二、 试卷册、答题卡1 和答题卡2 均不得带出考场。考试结束,监考员收卷后考生才可离开。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

三、 仔细读懂题目的说明。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

四、 在30 分钟内做完答题卡1 上的作文题。30 分钟后,考生按指令启封试题册,在接着的15分钟内完成快速阅读理解部分的试题。然后监考员收取答题卡1,考生在答题卡2 上完成其余部分的试题。全部答题时间为125 分钟,不得拖延时间。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

五、 考生必须在答题卡上作答,凡是写在试题册上的答案一律无效。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

六、 多项选择题每题只能选一个答案;如多选,则该题无分。选定答案后,用HB-2B 浓度的铅笔在相应字母的中部划一条横线。正确方法是:[A] [B] [C] [D]。使用其他符号答题者不给分。划线要有一定的粗度,浓度要盖过字母底色。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

七、如果要改动答案,必须先用橡皮擦净原来选定的答案,然后再按规定重新答题。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

八、在考试过程中要注意对自己的答案保密。若被他人抄袭,一经发现,后果自负tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Part I Writing (30 minutes)tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

注意:此部分试题在答题卡1 上。tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Beauty and Body Image in the MediatOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Images of female bodies are everywhere. Women?and their body parts?sell everything from food to cars. Popular film and television actresses are becoming younger, taller and thinner. Some have even been known to faint on the set from lack of food. Women’s magazines are full of articles urging that if they can just lose those last twenty pounds, they’ll have it all?the perfect marriage, loving children, great sex, and a rewarding career.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Why are standards of beauty being imposed on women, the majority of whom are naturally larger and more mature than any of the models? The roots, some analysts say, are economic. By presenting an ideal difficult to achieve and maintain, the cosmetic and diet product industries are assured of growth and profits. tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

And it’s no accident that youth is increasingly promoted, along with thinness, as an essential criterion of beauty. If not all women need to lose weight, for sure they’re all aging, says the Quebec Action Network for Women’s Health in its 2001 report. And, according to the industry, age is a disaster that needs to be dealt with.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

The stakes are huge. On the one hand, women who are insecure about their bodies are more likely to buy beauty products, new clothes, and diet aids. It is estimated that the diet industry alone is worth anywhere between 40 to 100 billion (U.S.) a year selling temporary weight loss (90 to 95% of dieters regain the lost weight).On the other hand, research indicates that exposure to images of thin, young, air-brushed female bodies is linked to depression, loss of self-esteem and the development of unhealthy eating habits in women and girls.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

The American research group Anorexia Nervosa & Related Eating Disorders, Inc. says that one out of every four college-aged women uses unhealthy methods of weight control?including fasting, skipping meals, excessive exercise, laxative (泻药) abuse, and self-induced vomiting. The pressure to be thin is also affecting young girls: the Canadian Women’s Health Network warns that weight control measures are now being taken by girls as young as 5 and 6. American statistics are similar.Several studies, such as one conducted by Marika Tiggemann and Levina Clark in 2006 titled “Appearance Culture in Nine- to 12-Year-Old Girls: Media and Peer Influences on Body Dissatisfaction,” indicate that nearly half of all preadolescent girls wish to be thinner, and as a result have engaged in a diet or are aware of the concept of dieting. In 2003, Teen magazine reported that 35 per cent of girls 6 to 12 years old have been on at least one diet, and that 50 to 70 per cent of normal weight girls believe they are overweight. Overall research indicates that 90% of women are dissatisfied with their appearance in some way.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Media activist Jean Kilbourne concludes that, “Women are sold to the diet industry by the magazines we read and the television programs we watch, almost all of which make us feel anxious about our weight.”tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Unattainable BeautytOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Perhaps most disturbing is the fact that media images of female beauty are unattainable for all but a very small number of women. Researchers generating a computer model of a woman with Barbie-doll proportions, for example, found that her back would be too weak to support the weight of her upper body, and her body would be too narrow to contain more than half a liver and a few centimeters of bowel. A real woman built that way would suffer from chronic diarrhea ( 慢性腹泻) and eventually die from malnutrition. Jill Barad, President of Mattel (which manufactures Barbie), estimated that 99% of girls aged 3 to 10 years old own at least one Barbie doll.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Still, the number of real life women and girls who seek a similarly underweight body is epidemic, and they can suffer equally devastating health consequences. In 2006 it was estimated that up to 450, 000 Canadian women were affected by an eating disorder.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

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The Culture of ThinnesstOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Researchers report that women’s magazines have ten and one-half times more ads and articles promoting weight loss than men’s magazines do, and over three-quarters of the covers of women’s magazines include at least one message about how to change a woman’s bodily appearance?by diet, exercise or cosmetic surgery.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Television and movies reinforce the importance of a thin body as a measure of a woman’s worth. Canadian researcher Gregory Fouts reports that over three-quarters of the female characters in TV situation comedies are underweight, and only one in twenty are above average in size. Heavier actresses tend to receive negative comments from male characters about their bodies (“How about wearing a sack?”), and 80 per cent of these negative comments are followed by canned audience laughter.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

There have been efforts in the magazine industry to buck ( 抵制,反抗) the trend. For several years the Quebec magazine Coup de Pouce has consistently included full-sized women in their fashion pages and Châtelaine has pledged not to touch up photos and not to include models less than 25 years of age. In Madrid, one of the world’s biggest fashion capitals, ultra-thin models were banned from the runway in 2006. Furthermore Spain has recently undergone a project with the aim to standardize clothing sizes through using a unique process in which a laser beam is used to measure real life women’s bodies in order to find the most true to life measurement.tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

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Another issue is the representation of ethnically diverse women in the media. A 2008 study conducted by Juanita Covert and Travis Dixon titled “A Changing View: Representation and Effects of the Portrayal of Women of Color in Mainstream Women’s Magazines” found that although there was an increase in the representation of women of colour, overall white women were overrepresented in mainstream women’s magazines from 1999 to 2004. Self-Improvement or Self-Destruction?tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

The barrage of messages about thinness, dieting and beauty tells “ordinary” women that they are always in need of adjustment?and that the female body is an object to be perfected. tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

Jean Kilbourne argues that the overwhelming presence of media images of painfully thin women means that real women’s bodies have become invisible in the mass media. The real tragedy, Kilbourne concludes, is that many women internalize these stereotypes, and judge themselves by the beauty industry’s standards. Women learn to compare themselves to other women, and to compete with them for male attention. This focus on beauty and desirability “effectively destroys any awareness and action that might help to change that climate.”tOK英语帮 - 免费在线英语学习听力口语练习大中小学四六级GRE托福商务英语资料教材下载

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1 上作答。

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